The Rejection of Pascal's Wager
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The Authorship of New Testament Books

The table below summarizes the current state of scholarly opinion about the status of the New Testament authorship.

New Testament Books Traditional Authorship Attribution Conclusion Based on Critical Research Main Reasons Why Result of Critical Research Does no Agree with Tradition
1. Matthew Matthew False The obvious dependence of this gospel on the gospel of Mark (who is a non eye-witness)means that it could not have been written by Matthew, who would have been an eyewitness to most of the events.
2. Mark Mark False The John Mark referred to in Acts 12:12 could not have made the geographical mistakes committed by the gospel (Mark 7:31, 5:1-13)
3. Luke Luke False The internal evidence points towards a late date of composition, circa 100 CE. Certain historical errors in Luke-Acts made it unlikely that Luke was the author.
4. John John the Son of Zebedee False Presence of Greek philosophy, mysticism and dogma that could not reasonable be expected of an unschooled Galilean peasant (Acts 4:13).
5. Acts of the Apostles Luke False Same reason as Luke.
6. Romans
7. I Corinthians
8. II Corinthians
9. Galatians
Paul True -
10. Ephesians Paul False Style is sluggish, unlike Paul's violatile one.
11. Philippians Paul True -
12. Colossians Paul Doubtful Difference in style and vocabulary
13. I Thessalonians Paul True -
14. II Thessalonians Paul Doubtful Difference in style and vocabulary
15. I Timothy
16. II Timothy
17. Titus
Paul False The existence of a highly organized church (I Tim 3:15), with definite creeds (I Tim 1:13, 4:6), and written gospels (I Timothy 3:16) seem presupposed in these three epistles.
18. Philemon Paul True -
19. Hebrew Paul False No internal evidence suggest Pauline authorship.
20. James James the brother of Jesus False The cultured language of the epistle could not have been derived from a Palestinian with a humble background. It is unlikely that a Jew, whose mother tongue was Aramaic, could write the polished literary Greek of the epistle.
21. I Peter
22. II Peter
Peter False Author exhibits an extensive knowledge of Greek and Greek philosophical ideas. Highly improbable for an uneducated Galilean peasant. (Acts 4:13)
23. I John
24. II John
25. III John
John the son of Zebedee False Author introduces himself in II John and III John as John the Elder, a different person from John the son of Zebedee.
26. Jude Jude the brother of Jesus False Based on literary style a mid-second century document.
27. Revelation John the son of Zebedee False No internal claim that the author is John son of Zebedee. John was a very common Hebrew name.

Note the consensus above. According to the experts eighteen out of the twenty seven books had false attribution of authorship. Two more are doubtful. This leaves us with seven books, all of which are epistles of Paul, in which we know the author with some certainty. This has important implications which will be explored when we look at the true origins of Christianity.

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1.Riedel, The Book of the Bible
Davidson & Leaney, Biblical Criticism
Howell-Smith, In Search of the Real Bible

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